On the current situation and Countermeasures of gr

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Talking about the current situation and Countermeasures of grain logistics packaging

the national standard (GB) of China's "general terms of packaging" clearly defines packaging: "the so-called packaging refers to the general name of containers, materials and auxiliary materials used according to certain technical methods to protect products, facilitate storage and promote sales in the process of circulation." Packaging is usually divided into two categories: one is for the purpose of promoting market sales, which is called commercial packaging, and the other is for the purpose of convenient loading, unloading, storage, storage and transportation, which is called industrial packaging. Grain packaging mostly belongs to industrial packaging, and its main function is to protect goods and facilitate circulation. This article only talks about some superficial views on the current situation and Countermeasures of grain packaging in China's grain logistics

China's traditional grain packaging

during the planned economy period, due to the shortage of grain, the demand for grain production exceeded the demand. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council implemented the policy of unified purchase and marketing, and the production, purchase, transportation, storage and sales of grain were under the centralized and unified management of the central government. Before the grain operation and price liberalization in 1993, the grain was packed with hemp and cotton products of the same color, and the oil was packed in iron barrels. In 1984 and 1987, the state specially formulated strict standards for grain packaging - closed steel barrels, gunny bags and flour bags. The Ministry of Commerce carried out strict unified management on the transportation, allocation, packaging and other links in the process of grain circulation, and also formulated corresponding management measures for grain and oil transportation and grain packaging. In the era of planned economy, grain and oil packaging played an important role in the process of grain circulation, and a series of systems have also been well implemented, which greatly reduced the loss of grain caused by packaging problems

the current situation of grain logistics packaging in China

1. the government supervision is insufficient, and the grain packaging market is chaotic. With the opening of the grain circulation market and the gradual establishment of the socialist market economic system, the pattern of hemp and cotton products with uniform grain packaging has been broken and replaced by plastic woven bags. Moreover, there is no unified standard for the quality, specification, color and sealing of woven bags. The quality is uneven, the size is different, the color is different, and the sealing is extremely irregular, which brings great difficulties to grain transportation and storage. The national grain authority can no longer supervise the whole grain packaging market, but can only monitor the packaging status of national and local grain reserves at most. The rest of the grain circulating in the market can be said to be in an unregulated state. The industry management cannot be in place in time, the standardized market management system is not perfect, and the original national standards cannot be well implemented, resulting in chaos in the whole grain packaging market

2. The packaging materials and production technology are not standardized, and the grain consumption is amazing. For a long time, affected by market factors, some large state-owned enterprises producing gunny bags have been gradually shut down, suspended, merged and transferred, and withdrawn from the grain circulation market. One 220V generator with lamp cap lead can be taken for transportation. Some small and medium-sized private enterprises produce plastic woven bags to occupy the grain packaging market. However, due to the lack of supervision on materials and production technology, the quality cannot be guaranteed, coupled with the uneven sealing of grain packaging, during the transportation of grain from the production area to the sales area, the woven bags are much dilapidated, and the grain is seriously leaked. At the same time, it causes great difficulties for unloading, loading, stacking and other operations, It will affect work efficiency and bring certain hidden dangers to safety production. The most serious is that it will cause astonishing losses due to poor packaging in the process of grain storage, transportation and sales, and cause serious economic losses to enterprises. According to relevant information: in some places of China, due to poor packaging, the rate of grain breaking and leakage was as high as 48.6%, with an average rate of about 5%, which greatly exceeded the national standard of 2.5%

3. lack of grain packaging laws, regulations and standards that coordinate with foreign packaging laws and regulations. With China's entry into WTO, the grain market is gradually in line with international standards. There is a need for corresponding industry standards to regulate the operation of the market on a series of issues such as grain packaging. Although the Ministry of Commerce formulated some grain packaging standards and relevant management measures in 1984 and 1987, it is difficult to meet the needs of the current domestic and foreign grain packaging development. At present, the plastic woven bags widely used in the grain market have not formulated a unified standard for grain packaging. Packaging legislation lags far behind countries with relatively developed packaging industry, as well as Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries

countermeasures to solve the problem of grain logistics packaging

1. Strengthen government supervision, improve and formulate relevant standards and management methods as soon as possible. The supervision given by the state to the competent grain and relevant departments should be gradually strengthened, the relevant grain packaging management measures should be improved, the conditions should be created to issue packaging laws and regulations, the national standard of "grain packaging - plastic woven bags" should be formulated as soon as possible, the production technical indicators of plastic woven bags for grain should be strictly unified from the aspects of materials, weight, specifications, etc., and the source should be grasped to prevent unqualified products from flooding the grain packaging market. Strictly regulate the packaging and sealing technology of woven bags, and uniformly use machine sewing to avoid the loss of grain transportation due to sealing problems. In 2004, the Ministry of Railways and the State Grain Administration jointly issued the notice on the strict implementation of packaging standards for railway grain transportation, which is a major measure of the government to strengthen supervision and lay the foundation for further standardizing the grain packaging market

2. Improve the methods of industry management and market supervision, and standardize the operation of the market. At present, China's grain industry associations, transportation associations and other industry management systems are being formed and gradually standardized. These associations play a decisive role in strengthening market supervision and standardizing market operation. On the issue of grain packaging, as it involves many links, all industry associations should strengthen cooperation and formulate industry norms as a whole

3. Adapt to the international situation and develop green grain packaging. The international requirements for green packaging of grain and food are quite strict, and many countries have enacted laws to enforce it. China's green packaging has just started, and the green packaging of grain is also being explored. Therefore, the state should vigorously support the efforts of green packaging and formulate relevant standards and systems to standardize green packaging. Accelerate the application of degradable material packaging, restrict the use of packaging of refractory or toxic materials, and promote the use of paper grain packaging

4. improve the infrastructure of grain logistics and comprehensively promote the circulation of grain. "The space of four horizontal tensile testing machines is more scattered than that of vertical tensile testing machines". From the perspective of reducing logistics costs, saving resources, reducing post production losses of grain and increasing benefits, Grain circulation "Four loose" is the development direction. The state should increase the scientific and technological strength and capital investment in grain logistics, improve the existing grain logistics infrastructure, vigorously develop the container transportation of grain, research and develop advanced technology of grain packaging, so as to meet the needs of the international logistics environment, and finally realize the non packaging of grain logistics. With a total investment of 7.8 billion yuan, the world bank loan is considered to be the most advanced modern loose in the world The grain transportation project has been completed and accepted in Beiliang port, Dalian, China, which has played a firm role in promoting the "scattered" process of grain in China

5. Cultivating and introducing senior logistics talents is also the key to the development of grain logistics and the development and research of green packaging. Grain transportation and packaging should be carried out in the direction of rationalization, standardization and mechanization of operation. If external repair is required, an application should be submitted to the equipment department to achieve green packaging or even non packaging. We must develop high-quality packaging with new materials and new shapes, and strive to develop advanced technology and equipment for grain logistics. Due to the late start of China and the relative lack of grain logistics talents, it is necessary to introduce international senior logistics talents while cultivating logistics talents, and learn from and absorb international advanced experience and technology, so as to promote the growth of China's grain logistics industry as soon as possible

source of information: China agriculture

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