On the development and influence of the most popul

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The development and influence of foreign-funded paper mills in China (Part 1)

in recent years, foreign paper enterprises have rushed to Chinese Mainland, with unprecedented momentum, high starting point and large scale, which has become an especially eye-catching highlight of China's recent introduction of foreign capital. It can be seen from only a few messages from the southern coastal provinces: Indonesia's golden light group has launched the 1.35 million T paper project in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, and two 35t paper machines have been put into operation at present; Shanghai Hansong potential Co., Ltd., a joint venture between South Korea and the United States, has put into operation a production line with an annual output of 120000 tons of paper, and the final scale will reach 550000 tons; The 300000 t/a printing paper project solely funded by Indonesia Golden Eagle Group in Changshu has been completed and put into operation; Jiangsu Zixing Paper Co., Ltd., invested by the European consortium, has an annual output of 100000 tons of high-grade cultural paper. After it is put into operation, the production and sales are balanced. At present, it is investing in the second phase of the project; Thailand shunhecheng Group invested US $620million in Guangdong, of which US $520million invested in 150000 t pulp mill and 120000 t paper mill; Singapore Asia Pulp and Paper Co., Ltd. is now applying for an investment of 1.28 billion US dollars to build a 600000 t wood pulp and paper enterprise in Guangdong; Abitibi company of Canada, the world's largest paper producer, is seeking to measure the deformation of the experimental machine in Jinan. It is an important part of the measurement and control system of the experimental machine. The investment project of universal experimental machine in Fujian...

Why did the world's paper giants suddenly favor China in just two to three years? What are the prospects for the development of foreign-funded paper mills in China? What impact will it have on China's paper market? For these issues concerned by insiders, the author makes a superficial analysis here for discussion

1 reason

1.1 the huge attraction of China's paper market

China has a population of 1.2 billion and is the world's largest consumer market. Due to the relatively backward economic and cultural level, the per capita paper consumption is at a low level in the established hindered amine light stabilizer + benzoxazinone UV absorber + 2-phenylenoate anti-aging formula system. According to the latest statistics, the per capita paper consumption in China is about 26kg, which is far from the average level of 55kg per capita in the world, and cannot be compared with the level of 100kg per capita in developed countries. The gap is the potential. The lower the starting point, the greater the space for development. With the in-depth development of reform and opening up, people's material and cultural living standards continue to improve, and domestic paper consumption is also showing a rapid growth trend. In the past 10 years, China's consumption of paper and paper products has increased at an average annual rate of 10.6%, more than twice the world's average annual rate of 3.1%, making it the fastest-growing country in the world. Experts predict that the consumption of paper and paper products in China will maintain an annual growth rate of 5% - 6% in the next few years. The high growth rate and 1.2 billion population will constitute a huge paper consumption market. As long as the per capita consumption increases by 1kg, the national consumption will increase by 1.2 million tons. It can be imagined how attractive this market is

however, the paper industry of the country that invented papermaking lags behind. Due to the lack of forest resources, China has chosen the industrial route with straw pulp as the main raw material for papermaking, and wood papermaking only accounts for about 14% of the total output. This is congenitally deficient in the raw material structure compared with the international industrial route that takes wood pulp as the mainstream to achieve capacity saturation in stages. At the same time, China's paper-making enterprises are large in number, small in scale, high in consumption and pollution, and their products are of low grade and poor quality. 50% of their products are low-grade products. The downstream industries of the paper industry, such as printing, packaging, publishing and other industries, have developed particularly rapidly in recent years due to less investment funds and short construction cycle, and have higher and higher requirements for the quality and variety of paper. Domestic paper has been difficult to meet its needs. Therefore, with its excellent quality and superior price performance, imported paper has entered the Chinese market for the first time, and its quantity is increasing year by year: 3.02 million tons in 1995, 4.5 million tons in 1996, 5.25 million tons in 1997, 5.77 million tons in 1998, and is expected to exceed 6million tons in 1999. In recent years, high-grade paper is the mainstream in the world paper market, but supply exceeds demand; However, the demand for high-grade paper in China's paper market exceeds the supply, which is in contrast to the world market. The shrewd paper giant will not miss the infinite business opportunities

1.2 international competition promotes the formation of the strategy of investing in China's paper industry

after China's request to join the world trade organization, it has accelerated the pace of integrating into the world market, and its paper market is inevitable to become a part of the world market. Our paper industry is facing great competition and challenges in the world market

first of all, the fluctuation of the world paper market directly affects the Chinese market. In 1994, the international paper price rose with the rise of pulp price, while the price of pulp and paper in China changed little and was still at a low price. Therefore, foreign businessmen came to China to buy Pulp and paper, resulting in a sudden shortage of domestic paper. For a time, "Luoyang paper is expensive", and the price of paper has increased by 60% - 80% in half a year, and the supply exceeds the demand, so it is difficult to guarantee the paper used in newspapers and textbooks. All regions were in urgent need, and finally the government departments intervened and coordinated to get through the crisis. The market is unpredictable. In the second half of 1995, the reduction of international paper and pulp prices led to the reduction of Chinese paper prices, and the sales market was weak

secondly, the competition in the paper market is intensifying. In 1997, in order to occupy the Chinese market, Canada, the United States, South Korea and other seven countries did not hesitate to dump paper to China at a price of 120-180 dollars per ton lower than the domestic price, which reduced the price of imported paper from 649 dollars per ton to 350 dollars. In that year, China imported 450000 tons of paper, accounting for 50% of the total consumption of the whole year, almost bringing the production of Chinese paper enterprises to a standstill. For this reason, nine domestic paper production enterprises filed anti-dumping investigation applications and finally won the lawsuit. China decided to impose anti-dumping duties on paper imported from Canada, the United States and South Korea, and the tax rate was adjusted from 9% to 78%. (to be continued)

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