On the current situation and Countermeasures of bu

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Energy is the material basis for human survival, and resources are the strong driving force for social and economic development. After entering the new century, the global economic competition has changed from product competition and marketing means competition to energy competition and science and technology competition. According to the statistics of energy consumption by an authoritative energy agency in the world, based on the energy ton oil equivalent consumed per 10000 US dollars of GDP: 2.33 in the United States, 1.46 in Germany, 1.31 in Japan and 7.24 in China, which means creating the same economic wealth. The amount of energy consumed by China for this purpose is almost six times that of Japan. According to the survey data of the Macroeconomic Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, China's cumulative coal production was about 36 billion tons from 1949 to 2004. In order to reduce the mining cost, some enterprises adopted the method of eating "cabbage", which has 640 times the curative effect than the surface coating absorption method, and the 100 million tons of coal and carbon resources were thrown away in vain. In terms of scientific and technological competition, 75% of the economic growth in developed countries depends on technological progress, and 25% depends on the input of energy, raw materials and labor

only three tenths of China's domestic enterprises have independent intellectual property core technologies. 99% of enterprises have not applied for patents, and 60% of enterprises do not have their own trademarks. Economic growth depends heavily on high capital investment and high energy consumption, and the situation that some core technologies and key technologies are controlled by people has not fundamentally changed. In 2005, the Research Report on "the exploration and practice of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in Universities" jointly completed by 20 domestic universities such as Tsinghua University and Fudan University showed that although China's colleges and universities achieved 6000 to 8000 scientific and technological achievements every year, the annual transformation rate of scientific and technological achievements in China was only about 15%, and the patent implementation rate was less than 10%, while that in developed countries was generally about 70% - 80%. Almost 70% of the scientific and technological achievements in Colleges and universities cannot be transformed every year. The technical patents successfully developed by some university teachers are often only used when evaluating the professional titles of professors. The administrative departments of colleges and universities rarely consider developing scientific and technological achievements into a series of products. Scientific and technological achievements "cannot be married" has become the biggest waste of educational resources in Colleges and universities. In the face of economic growth maintained by consuming a lot of energy, how to give full play to the advantages of scientific research talent resources in Colleges and universities in building a conservation oriented society has attracted widespread attention from all walks of life. At the same time, some colleges and universities in campus planning, discipline construction, teaching land and the rational development and utilization of talents are also shocking. Advocating the construction of frugal campuses in Colleges and universities has positive practical significance for "increasing social progress and reducing social costs"

I. Analysis of the waste of resources in Colleges and universities

frugality is a traditional virtue of the Chinese nation, a good quality cultivated by socialist material civilization and spiritual civilization, and a strong society. Higher education resources belong to a part of social public resources. China's higher education resources are relatively scarce, but the phenomenon of "tragedy of the commons" in economics is common in Colleges and Universities: first, some colleges and universities blindly seek greatness and perfection in infrastructure investment projects, engage in "image engineering", and rely on huge loans to build university towns and new campuses that are not in line with national conditions and school conditions, not based on their own financial resources and school conditions, Keen on enclosure and participation in the construction of university town. According to the social blue book "2006: analysis and prediction of China's social situation" of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, at present, China's public colleges and universities have loaned 150 billion to 200 billion yuan from banks. Some public colleges and universities have loaned as much as 1billion yuan in order to expand or attract talents. With the arrival of the loan repayment peak, college loans have become a new high-risk loan project. On the one hand, the new campus construction is in full swing, on the other hand, the old campus is idle and wasteful. The construction of the new campus is like an open mouthed "money machine", which makes many colleges and universities tired of raising infrastructure funds. It is reported that the cost of supporting the basic construction of colleges and universities in Henan Province's education funds is only more than 30 million yuan per year, while the balance of loans from colleges and universities in infrastructure investment has reached 13 billion yuan. The new campus of a university in Henan Province covers an area of 2772 mu, with a total investment of 750million yuan (the current debt is 500million yuan). A university invested 1.212 billion yuan to build a new campus covering an area of 3664 mu in Luonan new area. However, the project started more than a year ago. Due to the shortage of funds, the practice of delaying the salaries of teaching staff and extending the construction period had to be adopted. Some colleges and universities have many campuses, and the operation and management costs have greatly increased. The investment benefits and resource allocation are seriously unreasonable and wasted. Second, some colleges and universities lack scientific demonstration, market research and foresight in discipline construction and specialty setting. They blindly set up disciplines and majors, not making an issue of professional characteristics, but comparing with each other and seeking perfection, resulting in the disharmony between discipline layout and specialty setting and social development. Some colleges and universities have to rely on expanding enrollment to ease the pressure on school funds because the education investment can not keep up with the enrollment scale. As a result, colleges and universities are greatly discounted in terms of average student teachers, instruments and equipment, internship sites, classrooms and dormitories, resulting in the decline of teaching quality. Zhou Yuanqing, President of the China Association of higher education and former Vice Minister of the Ministry of education in charge of higher education, once worried that some colleges and universities blindly expanded enrollment, and its growth rate greatly exceeded the growth rate of the national economy, which not only violated the development law of higher education, but also wasted higher education resources. After another 2 to print the experimental report; In the next three years, the quality of higher education will become the focus of social attention, just like the current high fees for your company's spring mechanics testing school and student employment. As a result, educational resources have not been comprehensively developed and utilized, but have resulted in a waste of talent resource training. The third is the lack of management and incentive mechanism in Colleges and universities, resulting in the waste of College Teachers' resources. In the evaluation system of teachers, some colleges and universities only pay attention to the ratio of teachers with high professional titles and high academic qualifications, ignoring the assessment of teachers' conduct, ability and performance; In the personnel system assessment management system, only pay attention to individual evaluation, ignore the construction and investment of academic organizations and discipline echelons, resulting in College Teachers' blind pursuit of professional titles and qualifications, lack of teamwork spirit, neglect of innovation in teaching methods and means, and teachers begin to leave the front line of teaching when they have a little reputation. What is more tragic is that some college teachers, in order to obtain high academic qualifications, high professional titles and scientific research funds, do not hesitate to resort to deception and other deceptive means, intentionally or unintentionally spending their time and energy in non teaching and non scientific research. Some of the latest scientific research achievements are difficult to integrate with social production practice, and they are neither directly introduced to students nor in line with the market, resulting in a waste of scientific and technological achievements. Fourth, waste of materials

in some colleges and universities, the phenomenon of throwing away leftovers in canteens can be seen everywhere. A college student once made such statistics: the power wasted by the school in a year is 133682 degrees, the water wasted is 320000 yuan, and the leftovers wasted in the student canteen a week is the annual output of one mu of land. At the same time, the waste of paper, batteries, ink and disposable items is also common in Colleges and universities. To stimulate economic development through consumption should never be based on waste. Faced with groups of shocking waste data, what hurts people is not only the loss and waste of resources that are already scarce in China, but also the lack of frugality awareness of colleges and universities that represent the direction of social progress and brew advanced productive forces, which is not only related to whether our nation's fine tradition can be inherited, but also more importantly, in the 21st century, from product competition and marketing competition to the tide of scientific and technological competition and energy competition, We will also stage the tragedy of "being passive, backward and beaten". Therefore, it is of far-reaching practical significance to advocate the construction of frugal campuses in Colleges and universities. Building frugal colleges and universities will benefit the present and the future

II. Countermeasures for building economical colleges and universities

building economical colleges and universities is a new concept put forward in combination with the reality of the construction and development of colleges and Universities under the background of firmly establishing and seriously implementing the scientific concept of development and vigorously building an economical society throughout the country. Only by deeply understanding the important value of building economical colleges and universities can we further enhance the sense of economy, mission, consciousness and firmness. Colleges and universities, as the cultural structure of social politics and economic structure, as the dissemination and manufacturer of advanced culture and fashionable thinking ideas, play an extremely important role in the construction of energy-saving social activities because of their strong knowledge, relatively dense population and great mobility. To build a frugal University, we can work hard in the following aspects:

1 Strengthening the publicity and guidance of public opinion, creating a frugal cultural atmosphere in Colleges and universities, reflecting on the phenomenon of waste in Colleges and universities, advocating the strict implementation of the virtue of frugality, and strengthening the publicity of public opinion can play a wake-up role. Since ancient times, diligence and thrift have been regarded as the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation. As early as more than 2000 years ago, the famous thinker Xunzi put forward: "if we strengthen our foundation and economize, then heaven cannot be poor; if we waste our foundation and waste it, then heaven cannot make it rich." Confucius listed "frugality" and "meekness, courtesy and concession" as the basic code of conduct and ethics. From the perspective of educational value, economy is the treasure of natural resources and the care of human living environment. The construction of energy-saving colleges and universities is conducive to improving the moral quality and personality quality of educators and educatees, and promoting people's all-round development. Colleges and universities are not only the highland of talent accumulation and knowledge accumulation, but also an important base for cultivating socialist builders and successors. Therefore. Carrying out publicity and practical activities to save material resources and human resources in universities is conducive to adhering to the humanized structure, human culture training and personality shaping in Colleges and universities, further stimulating the potential and vitality of teachers engaged in teaching, scientific research and social services, making them weaken the pursuit of consumption pleasure and fame and fortune, concentrate on teaching and scientific research work, and fully enjoy the joy brought by teaching and scientific research achievements. Today's economic competition has been transformed into the competition of energy and technology. Choosing frugality not only chooses a scientific lifestyle and a noble spiritual quality, but also establishes a healthy development path. In the current good social atmosphere of vigorously advocating the establishment of a socialist concept of honor and disgrace and practicing the "Eight Honors and Eight Disgraces", it is of more practical significance to strengthen the publicity of resource frugality in Colleges and universities. In Colleges and universities, we can create a frugal college cultural atmosphere through campus radio, television, school newspapers and other channels, make teachers and students aware of the severe situation of China's energy shortage and the lack of college resources through various forms such as "lectures", "proposals" and "big discussions", and strengthen students' awareness of frugality through "survival" training and other means, By introducing a series of management measures to curb waste, we can correct some behaviors and bad habits that waste resources and energy

2. Strengthen democratic management and supervision, and effectively curb the waste of resources. The waste phenomenon of colleges and universities cited in this article makes people worry about the development prospects of colleges and universities, and also causes everyone to deeply reflect. In the face of the blind expansion of some colleges and universities, some places have issued management regulations to strictly examine and approve the land use of colleges and universities, the replacement of old campuses and the recovery of idle land. The Ministry of education aims at colleges and universities

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